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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  November 4, 2011 6:00pm-6:30pm EDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. shell. and union bank.
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>> union bank has put its financial strength to work for a wide range of companies, from small businesses to major corporations. what can we do for you? >> and now, "bbc world news america." >> this is "bbc world news america." the greek prime minister george papandreou says that this net -- -- that the election will be catastrophic. so much for a truce, and syria troops are back on the streets and 100 protesters are reported dead. 17 months locked up in a shed, cosmonauts emerge from a
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simulated mission to mars. what did they proof -- prove? welcome to our viewers on pbs in america. the fate of the greek government is being decided in a confidence vote in the parliament in athens. the immediate draw my disguises the longer term dilemma. did the greeks want to stay in the eurozone and that means years of financial austerity imposed upon them by other countries? >> greek members of parliament have been arriving for a confidence vote that is too close to call. some trouble -- rebel mp 's indicate that they will back
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their leader. this is the man at the eye of the storm, greece's prime minister caused panic when he suggested a referendum on the latest debt bailout package for the country. many here fear a no vote will mean that greece will leave the euro and they don't want that. >> that would be bad for us. >> if we leave the euro. >> i think that we would be alone. >> with out europe, the things would be very different. >> already, europe is losing confidence increased possibility to deal with its debt problems. this is very much the epicenter of the global financial uncertainty at the moment. until the politicians can work out exactly who will run greece,
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europe stands very little chance of being able to contain the debt crisis. already, the turbulence is affecting other economies, especially italy. there is little belief that the current politicians can get them out of this mess. >> maybe it needs to get so dark before a leader comes back it makes a unchanged. once again, there is a demonstration. course we are asked to vote in favor of a government and everyone knows that you can trust the people of greece. >> the next few hours will determine much, the future of the prime minister, the future of this country, and to a large
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extent, the future of europe. >> matthew price reporting. and the last few moments, george papandreou has wrapped up a speech to the greek parliament. we're joined live from athens. what did the prime minister say? >> well, a fascinating speech that will deserve some analysis over the coming hours and days. what he said was that it was a very noble attempt to say that what greece needs now is national unity. if you go back three days, what he wanted was a referendum to wind it and to carry on governing without the help of the opposition party. -- he wanted to win it and to carry on governing without the help of the opposition party. they will start their long process to see whether they are
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going to give george papandreou the chance to form this government. he is talking about going to the president tomorrow. he warned of the dangers of an election. he said it would paralyze the country and that the bailout fund would not be on offer. to the 300 or so listing to him, he made this plea. >> first of all, this is harmless. we went through the crisis which will allow the democratic process. we must not allow this to injured democracy. we must go united. we hope to continue this.
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>> george papandreou in the greek parliament. the you think that the predicament that he finds himself in tonight is that if you will enact these cuts, you have to keep your people with you? -- do you think that the president, that he finds himself in tonight that if you need to enact these cats. >> do the greek people want to be in the euro or do they want to avoid these cuts? they want both. they want to stay in the euro and they want to avoid a nasty medicine that will keep them. as for george papandreou, no one can explain why he called this referendum. he had not said that in brussels last week when the deal has been hammered out. that was his attempt to keep the people with him.
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he was confident that the people would have voted with him. he would of forced to make these concessions not by the opposition, not by angela merkel but by his ministers. we have to go ahead with this if greece is to stay in the euro. this was the speech of a man in a corner that he delivered tonight. >> for more on what is happening in greece, it means for everyone in europe and in the u.s., i am joined by the senior writer for bloomberg business week. thank you for joining us. i want to pick up on something that george papandreou it is said. he called for honesty in what politicians have to say in dealing with their populations. that is something that we're hearing people talk about in the u.s. in terms of spending cuts. >> yes, it is amazing when you
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think about this crisis. this has transformed the many ways. this initially starts as a subprime thing and then it starts on the other side of the pond. can you have your political leaders be strong-willed enough to say that they can speak in on his terms verses the temptation, the siren call of putting the knife in the back of a political opponent. >> what we have seen this suggests that maybe you cannot. george papandreou took on some of the vested interest in greek society and the greek economy. the chances are that he will lose his job. >> that is true but at this point, let's put yourself in his shoes. you are called back by the rest of the eu prime ministers and by nicolas sarkozy and barack obama
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and being told, listen, this is what you will do. you see so much of your sovereignty in being part of this experiment. greece is a democracy. you cannot tell your people to keep taking these lumps if there is no i -- light at the end of the tunnel. >> the greek people on the verge of deciding to leave the restrictions of the eurozone. that is better than what they might face which is a decade of recession, job cuts, unemployment, tough times. >> this is like choosing between toxic waste and medical waste. neither one is ideal in both situations will be terrible. in the past, there was a silver lining to defaults. your currency would be much cheaper.
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suddenly, you could export your way out. countries like argentina and russia have come back and thrived. will this cause a run off on the banks? will this cause huge system the consequences for france and germany? >> anyone who is watching this thinking that athens is a long way from america should be thinking because there are a lot of things happening there that will be dealing with here. they probably have other things to discuss at the g-20 summit but you would not know it. the trauma continue to dominate the meeting. president obama urged europe to take aggressive steps to fix the crisis. all that nicolas sarkozy could offer was a pledge to try to defend the common currency. >> it was not meant to be like
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this. doesn't france's president know it? the summit that he chaired has not done what he wanted or what they wanted. the prime minister and president obama said there was six weeks to save the euro. the time is up and the euro is not saved. the mulder is about the germans not putting up the cash. the french president is not want to give up easily. he can't on she insists the struggle goes on. -- he insists that the struggle goes on. >> this is not any amount of speculation or anyone you like that will have the best word. europe is the best instruction for the service of peace. >> all they could do was watch and wait and worry. greece has been told that there is to be no new deal, no new choice but to stay in or get
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out. no wonder they are calling this the greek tragedy. italy's silvio berlusconi could be waving goodbye to power as his country's finances are in chaos. he is forced to accept that the imf will look down at their books. what they did not agree upon is who would pay what into europe's bailout fund or who would pay how much to the imf to ensure that no other country could go the way of greece. for those outside the eurozone, this is all rather frustrating and all rather puzzling. >> i am not sure whether it was nicolas sarkozy or merkel, they joke with me that i had gotten a crash course in european politics over the last several days. >> crash course might be an unfortunate choice of force. david cameron warns that every
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day this goes on is bad for the economy. -- crash course might not be the best choice in words. >> there is no deal on the eurozone and no deal on financing. all the details have yet to be done. >> the problem is that not all of the details, all of the specifics have been put in place. what they can't do is string this out endlessly with another round of conversations, negotiations. >> the president had hoped for so much from his summit. when it comes to the eurozone cup, they still cannot. >> this seemingly never-ending drama that is the eurozone. medical officials in the syrian city of homs has told the bbc
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that the hospital has received more than 100 corpses in the past 24 hours. with the latest on the violence, here is our world affairs editor. >> the city of homs today, civilians and unarmed being shot down in the streets. nothing has changed even though the government has promised to pull their troops out of places like this. the tanks are still there and at their targets are still the same -- ordinary people. pictures like these are being gathered and scrutinized by supporters of the protesters. they all have family links to the city. >> they have shelled like never
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before. all you could hear was shelling and people calling for help. >> it was only two days ago that the arab league to reach an agreement with the syrian regime. the army would pull out of rebellious towns and cities. how come nothing seems unchanged in spite of the agreement? basically, it is because of the ruling family is split down the middle. president bashar al-assad is in favor of making concessions. he used to be an eye specialist in london. not the usual background for a dictator. he has never been able to run syria his way. it is is much tougher brother who sends in the troops and orders them to shoot.
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that simply is not working. the crowds were larger than ever. they carried signs with the word liar on them. a spokesman for the so-called free army gave this morning. >> if the regime breaches the conditions, we will be obliged to protect the protesters and to topple the regime by force, whatever the price may be. >> if the government does not pull out its forces and is not stop shooting the civilians, serial take another and much bigger step towards open civil war. >> almost 8 months and it seems the protesters are not giving up. rescuers in china are still hoping to find 50 miners trapped underground after an explosion.
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the mine shaft collapsed after an earthquake. seven have been rescued from the mine. >> this is the moment that the families had been waiting for. miners found alive and being brought to the surface. they were taken to the hospital. a couple had only minor injuries and manage to walk out by themselves. dozens more are still trapped underground. work to find them started late last night and continues. china has a terrible record with comes to mind safety. thousands die every year. it is not clear exactly what happened but the miners appeared to have been trapped by a sudden explosion of rock inside of the pit. this came minutes after an
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earthquake that hit the area. for now, those at the surface just that news of the miners who might be still alive. the authorities are saying they will do everything they can to get them out. >> you are watching "bbc world news america," still to come -- a journey to know where brings us closer to mars. six men have emerged after 17 months on a simulated mission to the red planet. britain has announced plans to celebrate the opening of the olympic games next year by bringing all the bells in the country at the same time. organizers have released the official posters of the games. >> this is a portrait in words.
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this has a swimmer in the corner. the olympic rings lot look -- look like an aftermath of the party. >> this is not just affect people here, this has to affect people universally and culturally. >> this looks like a podium. >> it looks like it podium. >> yes, i think it looks like a quota myself -- a podium myself. and in the olympic games, there are podiums. >> much has been said about how the olympics will show off britain's culture.
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we are all being asked to ring bells. this is to be lit up by illuminate it joggers. >> this is a joke. the celebration of all things sporting and some other things too. this is a reference to the 2012 doom predicted by the lions. >> this is a joke that is a little bit eccentric. >> imagine being locked in a box for 17 months by choice. this was a test to stimulate travel to mars to see if humans could deal with space travel.
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after more than a year, they have emerged only to go into quarantine. >> the store had not been opened for 520 days. behind it, six men who only had each other for company. then, they started to emerge. they had been on with the strangest space missions. a mission to know where but simulating a mission to mars. >> it is great to see you again. we had achieved the longest space voyage ever so that humankind can one day create a new dawn on the surface of the distance -- distant planet. >> the test was to see if man
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could deal with the potentially 8 month journey across space. their minds and bodies were tested continuously. they started their journey in june last year. the most exciting moment was stepping out here on to this pile of sand, the simulation of a walk on the surface of mars. at times, it was very obviously a simulation. this felt very real to them. genuine astronauts say going to mars is a great ambition. >> this is a long way away but this is difficult with children. in reality, this is what we dream about. going to mars. >> the mission had its lighter
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moments but scientists insisted this was a serious experiment, getting ready for a voyage to mars and about 20 years. >> this is not your typical cop. he emigrated from yemen when he was wanted and he joined the police force shortly after earning his degree. a year later, new york was hit by the 9/11 attacks. >> at the age of 15, we went to the school. my mother was crying. as we drove away from the village and looked out of town, i wanted to cry so bad.
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i remind -- i remember that i was so terrified i could not sleep. after my service, i was about 20. when i had a chance to leave, i took my chance and i came here. i graduated with a degree in accounting. that is when the police department came to mind. i was praying. i was saying, please, god. i wanted peace. everyone was rain. -- was praying. i knew that i had to reach out
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to other muslim officers and kind of work together and to address some of these things. we had to work with each other to make sure that no one is being harassed or picked on because of their religion. the lady says, officer. there are these people over there, they are arabs. she said, they don't like america. i said, really? what is my name? she said, are you indian? [laughter] i said, close. i am an arab. you have to work hard as an arab
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and muslim. this is home. >> that is a regular new york city cop. that brings us to the end of the show. you can find everything happening increase on our website, i am katty kay. have a great weekend. >> funding was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. union bank. and shell. >> this is kim - about to feel one of his favorite sensations. at shell, we're developing more efficient fuels in countries like malaysia that can help us get the most from our energy resources. let's use energy more efficiently. let's go.
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>> union bank has put its financial strength to work for a wide range of companies, from small businesses to major corporations. what can we do for you? >> "bbc world news america" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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